PHP MySQL UPDATE Query

 

Updating Database Table Data


The UPDATE statement is used to change or modify the existing records in a database table. This statement is typically used in conjugation with the WHERE clause to apply the changes to only those records that matches specific criteria.

The basic syntax of the UPDATE statement can be given with:

UPDATE table_name SET column1=value, column2=value2,... WHERE column_name=some_value

Let's make a SQL query using the UPDATE statement and WHERE clause, after that we will execute this query through passing it to the PHP mysqli_query() function to update the tables records. Consider the following persons table inside the demo database:

+----+------------+-----------+----------------------+
| id | first_name | last_name | email                |
+----+------------+-----------+----------------------+
|  1 | Peter      | Parker    | peterparker@mail.com |
|  2 | John       | Rambo     | johnrambo@mail.com   |
|  3 | Clark      | Kent      | clarkkent@mail.com   |
|  4 | John       | Carter    | johncarter@mail.com  |
|  5 | Harry      | Potter    | harrypotter@mail.com |
+----+------------+-----------+----------------------+

The PHP code in the following example will update the email address of a person in the persons table whose id is equal to 1.


Code

<?php /* Attempt MySQL server connection. Assuming you are running MySQL server with default setting (user 'root' with no password) */ $link = mysqli_connect("localhost", "root", "", "demo"); // Check connection if($link === false){ die("ERROR: Could not connect. " . mysqli_connect_error()); } // Attempt update query execution $sql = "UPDATE persons SET email='peterparker_new@mail.com' WHERE id=1"; if(mysqli_query($link, $sql)){ echo "Records were updated successfully."; } else { echo "ERROR: Could not able to execute $sql. " . mysqli_error($link); } // Close connection mysqli_close($link); ?>


After update the persons table will look something like this:

+----+------------+-----------+--------------------------+
| id | first_name | last_name | email                    |
+----+------------+-----------+--------------------------+
|  1 | Peter      | Parker    | peterparker_new@mail.com |
|  2 | John       | Rambo     | johnrambo@mail.com       |
|  3 | Clark      | Kent      | clarkkent@mail.com       |
|  4 | John       | Carter    | johncarter@mail.com      |
|  5 | Harry      | Potter    | harrypotter@mail.com     |
+----+------------+-----------+--------------------------+


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